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結合范文分析In-Class Essay怎么寫

在美國的大學中,學生們都被要求寫essay,分析問題,并且闡述自己的思想。有些essay是課后作業,有些甚至要當堂完成,也就是in-class essay。可見這種essay作業是美國的大學生的基本功,一定要掌握。今天小編就找一篇這類的essay結構范文來給大家分析一下。
結合范文分析In-Class Essay怎么寫
通常而言,老師會給學生一個討論題目,要求學生據此給出自己的觀點,并且能夠通過例證來支持自己的觀點。

那么,這些essay通常應該如何寫呢?下文給出一個范例。在社會學的課堂上,老師要求學生在10-15分鐘的時間內寫一下領導的產生的原因。通常認為:領導產生于社會的需要或者人群的需要。對于這種觀點,老師要求學生各抒己見。而有一位學生同意這個觀點,就給出了下面這一篇essay。

As is said in a famous old Chinese saying,“To lead means to direct,help,and achieve.”Actually,in the society,leaders are admired by others mainly because they organize ordinary people to achieve a common goal which is beneficial for the majority.In this aspect,I agree that leaders are elected because they can meet the demands placed on them,as is made evident from a series of historically famous events.In case if some leaders are not elected by people but are hereditary or obtain their positions from illegal ways,they will soon be punished and unseated out of their positions.

評價:第一段要明確給出自己的觀點。這個學生的第一段的第一句話試圖引用某種名人名言,并不知道這句話的出處是哪里,但是有個引用就會讓文章增色一分。在該引用之后,學生給出自己的解釋,使得引用的部分不至于太突兀或者是導致誤解。

之后,學生給出自己的觀點,并且給出該觀點的qualification,展現了思維的全面性。

No matter in the United States or in China,countless historical examples have already illustrated the generation of leaders out of people’s urgent demands.For example,in the eighteenth century,the burgeoning industry such as the shipbuilding industry in the northern part of the North America around New York had made American people unsatisfied with the unreasonable control over them by the British government.At that time,the calling for independence was growing ever stronger,thus making it necessary for the American people to fight against the Great Britain.In order to win this war,Americans extremely needed a leader,so Washington,with his strong aspiration for the independence of the North America and with his brave and optimistic attitude,was espoused to be the leader among American people.Clearly,Washington was not chosen because he was more handsome or smarter or richer than others,nor because he wanted to enjoy high social status and luxurious lifestyle.Actually,the leading position at that crucial time meant tons of heavy tasks for him to fulfill.He did his work,led to the establishment of the United States of America,and thus was respected by millions of people in this new country.

評價:學生主要依賴舉證的方式來支持自己的觀點。第一個例證是美國的獨立史。在例子描述的過程中,盡量使用的是客觀的說明性文字。事實上,對于此處,美國的要求是:年級越低,越鼓勵表達自己的觀點,用特征化的語言。而年級越高,越需要用客觀公正的陳述型語氣來闡述事實、講道理。

Actually,President Washington was not alone.In the establishment of the People’s Republic of China,Chairman Mao was also the key leader taking up the super challenging demands of owning land.In the early twentieth century,China was struggling in sheer poverty due to continuous wars among the dyingTsing Dynasty and the newly emerging armies.As a result,people couldn’t reside in one place for long,crops failed,and tens of thousands of Chinese starved to die.Therefore,the main social problem targeted on agriculture.In particular,majority of Chinese people were in urgent need of their own land.Only in this way could they be guaranteed security.However,during the intermittent wars,different army generals raised different ideologies,but only Mao Zedong raised the slogan of“making the peasants own their own land.”Apparently,he hit the bull’s eye,targeting precisely on the very social problem and thus winning the majority of Chinese people’s support and respect.As a result,he became the leader of Chinese Red Army,and eventually beat all other competitors to reunite China and to establish a new country.These two examples are about different countries,diffferent cultures,different ideologies,and different historical times,but a common rule is quite clear:whoever meeting the demands of people can finally be the influential leader.

評價:這一段和上一段一樣舉例。但是在結尾的時候對兩段的例子做了一個共同性的總結。

Of course,in the modern China we also have some unqualified leaders who take their leading positions not because they want to fulfill some tasks of great concern but because they know“somebody”and bribe the higher and mighty.However,since they cannot meet people’s demands,it is very easy for their illegal doings to be exposed in the mass media such as TV news,newspaper reports,or blogs.Once exposed,their leading positions cannot last long.From this perspective,we can also predict with confidence that leaders should be generated from the demands put on their shoulders.

評價:這一段是一個讓步段,要考慮到自己的主要論點的相反方,做到“換位思考”,從而讓自己的言論更加的客觀、全面。

In conclusion,to be a leader means to direct people going out of their difficulties or confusions,to help them realize their situations and themselves,and to achieve some common goals which will be beneficial to the people and even to the whole world.

評價:最后一段結尾升華,總結一下全文的觀點和內容。

總結

在美國的大學中,寫作是很重要的一項任務。并且,不同的文體有不同的要求。同學們可以多看看其他的essay結構范文,多練才能夠熟練掌握,不斷進取。in-class essay跟其他類型的essay寫作不一樣,畢竟是實時的,隨機性也很大,靠的是同學們的硬實力,找英文作業代寫基本也行不通的。所以同學們在平時可以多看看我們網站分享的寫作干貨哦!

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